Rwanda double-drum boiler piping diagram

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  • Boiler Construction, Pressure Parts & Drum Internals

    2013-11-27 · Boiler drum and steam separation. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 11. Steam Generation. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 12. Steam Generation ... 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 14. Boiler steam water schemes. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 15. Heat Transfer in a pipe. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 16. Common Circulation systems. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 17. Boiler ...

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  • Boiler Piping Assembly

    Home. Piping Assembly. Cleaver-Brooks designed and manufactured external piping assemblies are comprised of components selected from proven brands to ensure safe operation of your boiler room equipment. Accessory Kits Component Parts. Controls. Electrical Components. Gauges. Hardware Fastners and Connectors. Maintenance Tools and Paint Equipment.

    Get Price
  • Section 23 52 33 - WATER-TUBE BOILERS

    2021-8-1 · Drum piping connection sizes, locations, construction. ... Schematic wiring diagram of boiler control system showing all components, interlocks, etc. Schematic wiring diagram shall clearly identify factory wiring and field wiring and clearly identify the flame safeguard circuits and burner control circuits. ... Provide double wall casing system ...

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  • 2. BOILERS - Bureau of Energy Efficiency

    2017-9-8 · 2. BOILERS Bureau of Energy Efficiency 27 Syllabus Boilers: Types, Combustion in boilers, Performances evaluation, Analysis of losses, Feed water treatment, Blow down, Energy conservation opportunities. 2.1 Introduction A boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion heat to be transferred into water until it becomes heated water or steam.

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  • Beyond Primary Secondary Piping - Caleffi

    2016-11-3 · Beyond Primary Secondary Piping presents. Modern compact boilers have much higher flow resistance than cast iron boilers. condensing modulating boiler zoned distribution system If they are simply substituted for cast iron boiler problems are likely to develop, most

    Get Price
  • Chapter 14 Boilers - Pearson

    2019-2-20 · 292 Chapter 14 Stack—an opening at the top of the boiler that is used to remove flue gas, p. 297. Steam drum—the top drum of a boiler where all of the generated steam is collected before entering the distribution system, p. 293. Steam trap—a device used to remove condensate or liquid from steam systems, p. 294. Superheated steam—steam that has been heated to a very high temperature so ...

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  • Steam System Design and Best Practices Related to Kiln

    2015-9-23 · New England Kiln Drying Association – Steam Design & Best Practices – HerLine Technologies Steam Distribution System Proper layout design & pipe sizing of mains Piping always pitched in the direction of flow Use of eccentric reducers to eliminate creation of condensate collection points (low spots) in piping

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  • FULL-COLOR TRAINING GUIDE SERIES - PB Heat:

    2018-1-19 · for every PSI at the boiler. c) Most one-pipe systems will have to be equipped with drip traps and feed pumps to allow zoning with zone valves. C. THE NEAR-BOILER PIPING 1. The near boiler piping is the first line of defense for a reliable system. a) Correctly installed, the near boiler piping acts as a moisture separator and boiler water level ...

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  • An introduction to steam generation and distribution

    2017-5-12 · its constituent elements inside the boiler shell thus forming an explosive mixture. The work of these societies led to the introduction of standards for the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code being the oldest – originally published in 1914 – and possibly best known.

    Get Price
  • A GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR PIPING SYSTEMS AND PLANT

    2012-3-5 · Drum or simple pressure vessel (basic symbol) Knock-out drum (with demister pad) Tray column (basic symbol) Tray column Trays should be numbered from the bottom; at least the first and the last should be shown. Intermediate trays should be included and numbered where they are significant. 30 14 A- 4 APPENDIX A GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR PIPING ...

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  • STEAM DRUM WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENT

    2014-6-9 · Boiler steam drum water level is one of the most important power plant parameters to both measure and control. Control of the proper water level in the boiler is critical for safe operation of the boiler. If the level is too low, boiler tubes will be damaged by overheating. If the

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  • 4-1 Recovery Boiler Equipment and Operation

    2008-1-4 · One Drum vs. Two Drum All recoveries used to be two-drum First one-drum in 1984 at Leaf River Increasing size and pressure favors one-drum design Except for very small units, all new modern recovery boilers are single-drum design Superheater Usually several banks with various arrangements of steam flow vs. gas flow

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  • 2. BOILERS - Bureau of Energy Efficiency

    2017-9-8 · 2. BOILERS Bureau of Energy Efficiency 27 Syllabus Boilers: Types, Combustion in boilers, Performances evaluation, Analysis of losses, Feed water treatment, Blow down, Energy conservation opportunities. 2.1 Introduction A boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion heat to be transferred into water until it becomes heated water or steam.

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  • BASIC WATER TREATMENT OF STEAM BOILERS

    2000-5-2 · BASIC WATER TREATMENT OF STEAM BOILERS Steve Kenny and Dave Pope Chemco Water Technology Vancouver, WA This is a brief discussion on low-pressure steam boiler chemistry. It provides dry kiln boiler operators the tools to maintain an efficient and effective boiler chemistry program.

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  • DZL4-1.25-AII TAISHAN BRAND BOILER DESIGN SCHEME

    2019-8-18 · effectively the boiler drum and avoids the belly directly radiated by fire. Boiler drum connects the two headers by two side water cooling wall. Four downcast pipes are foreside and rearward of boiler drum, and every pipe is led from drum to header. By this design, the drum and headers becomes a …

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  • Procidia Control Solutions SAMA Diagrams for Boiler

    2015-1-22 · diagrams are used to describe and document control strategies and systems designed for industrial and utility boiler applications. Although similar in concept to ISA diagrams, there are significant differences between the two methods of diagramming control systems. Figure 1 shows an ISA diagram and a SAMA diagram for a simple flow control loop. The

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  • 4 Critical Industrial Boiler Measurements

    2018-2-5 · In a Flow Control article, 4 Key Measurements For Optimal Boiler Control, Emerson’s Bob Sabin, outlines these important measurements in achieving effective boiler performance. These measurements include drum level, fuel flow, air flow and flue gas oxygen. Drum …

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  • Boiler Drum Level Control Systems

    2021-8-9 · Drum Level Control Systems are used extensively throughout the process industries and the Utilities to control the level of boiling water contained in boiler drums on process plant and help provide a constant supply of steam.. If the level is too high, flooding of steam purification equipment can occur. If the level is too low, reduction in efficiency of the treatment and recirculation function.

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  • Boiler make-up water - Lenntech

    Boiler manufacturers typically provide limiting and recommended parameters, like conductivity, total dissolved solids, pH, because the water will be transformed into a steam for heating applications. Therefore, water treatment is always required in the make-up water of a boiler.

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  • Boilers - University of Alabama

    2004-3-19 · boiler English Boiler Co. Steam Drum Mud Drum Water Tubes Furnace. ME 416/516 “D-type” water-tube boiler ABB. ME 416/516 Bryan Exterior of small water-tube package boiler. ME 416/516 Package Boiler All but the largest boilers used for heating and industrial purposes are packaged boilers.

    Get Price
  • A GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR PIPING SYSTEMS AND PLANT

    2012-3-5 · Drum or simple pressure vessel (basic symbol) Knock-out drum (with demister pad) Tray column (basic symbol) Tray column Trays should be numbered from the bottom; at least the first and the last should be shown. Intermediate trays should be included and numbered where they are significant. 30 14 A- 4 APPENDIX A GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR PIPING ...

    Get Price
  • DZL4-1.25-AII TAISHAN BRAND BOILER DESIGN SCHEME

    2019-8-18 · effectively the boiler drum and avoids the belly directly radiated by fire. Boiler drum connects the two headers by two side water cooling wall. Four downcast pipes are foreside and rearward of boiler drum, and every pipe is led from drum to header. By this design, the drum and headers becomes a …

    Get Price
  • DRAFT BOILER/FEEDWATER GUIDELINES

    2017-3-20 · pitting can result with possible rupture of boiler condensate piping or boiler tubes. 3.3.4 Rusty water in the boiler gage glass is a sure sign of acid corrosion in the boiler feedwater/condesate system or in the boiler itself. 3.3.5 Make-up water is the major source of carbon dioxide. The first priority is to minimize the amount of make-up water.

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  • Drum Level Control Systems Guide in the Process

    2021-2-16 · Drum Level Control Systems in the Process Industries Drum Level Control Systems are used extensively throughout the process industries and the Utilities to control the level of boiling water contained in boiler drums on process plant and help provide a constant supply of steam. If the level is too high, flooding of steam purification equipment ...

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  • Boiler Primary Loop. Hydronic Heating System Primary

    Primary Loop Piping is commonly used in boiler heating systems that run needing multiple temperatures or contstant temperature at the hydronic boiler is required. Primary Loop Piping allows non condensing boilers to maintain a heat level in the boiler high enough to allow the boiler …

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  • Boiler and Pressure Vessel (BPV) Services Selection Guide ...

    2021-8-21 · Boiler and pressure vessel (BPV) service providers specialize in the repair, rebuilding, maintenance, installation, and on- site construction of boilers, pressure vessels, piping, and safety valves. They may additionally provide cleaning, calibration, …

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  • Boiler make-up water - Lenntech

    Boiler manufacturers typically provide limiting and recommended parameters, like conductivity, total dissolved solids, pH, because the water will be transformed into a steam for heating applications. Therefore, water treatment is always required in the make-up water of a boiler.

    Get Price
  • Water Tube Boiler Parts and Functions - Boilersinfo

    2017-7-25 · Steam drum of water tube boiler. It has two types of draining arrangement (a) CBD- continuous blow down used when Si02 or TDS is on the higher side. (b) Emergency blow down is used when drum level is high high. Boiler mountings and accessories …

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  • Pipe Rack Piping Study - Piping Engineering

    The first step in the development of any pipe rack is the generation of a line-routing diagram. A line routing diagram is a schematic representation of all process piping systems drawn on a copy of pipe rack general arrangement drawing or on the unit plot plan where the pipe …

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  • I. PIPING DIAGRAMS

    2014-7-21 · 2. Boiler circulator(s) must be rated for open loop applications. Do not use cast-iron circulators. 3. Boiler circulator(s) operate continuously. 4. The minimum pipe size for connecting to a water storage tank is 1 ½”. 5. The minimum pipe size for connecting the boiler is 1 ½” for the Mod Con 300 VWH and 2” for the 500 and 850 models. 6.

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  • Boiler Construction, Pressure Parts & Drum Internals

    2013-11-27 · Boiler drum and steam separation. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 11. Steam Generation. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 12. Steam Generation ... 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 14. Boiler steam water schemes. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 15. Heat Transfer in a pipe. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 16. Common Circulation systems. 9/4/2013 Steag O&M Company 17. Boiler ...

    Get Price
  • Boiler Piping Assembly

    Home. Piping Assembly. Cleaver-Brooks designed and manufactured external piping assemblies are comprised of components selected from proven brands to ensure safe operation of your boiler room equipment. Accessory Kits Component Parts. Controls. Electrical Components. Gauges. Hardware Fastners and Connectors. Maintenance Tools and Paint Equipment.

    Get Price
  • Section 23 52 33 - WATER-TUBE BOILERS

    2021-8-1 · Drum piping connection sizes, locations, construction. ... Schematic wiring diagram of boiler control system showing all components, interlocks, etc. Schematic wiring diagram shall clearly identify factory wiring and field wiring and clearly identify the flame safeguard circuits and burner control circuits. ... Provide double wall casing system ...

    Get Price
  • 2. BOILERS - Bureau of Energy Efficiency

    2017-9-8 · 2. BOILERS Bureau of Energy Efficiency 27 Syllabus Boilers: Types, Combustion in boilers, Performances evaluation, Analysis of losses, Feed water treatment, Blow down, Energy conservation opportunities. 2.1 Introduction A boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion heat to be transferred into water until it becomes heated water or steam.

    Get Price
  • Beyond Primary Secondary Piping - Caleffi

    2016-11-3 · Beyond Primary Secondary Piping presents. Modern compact boilers have much higher flow resistance than cast iron boilers. condensing modulating boiler zoned distribution system If they are simply substituted for cast iron boiler problems are likely to develop, most

    Get Price
  • Chapter 14 Boilers - Pearson

    2019-2-20 · 292 Chapter 14 Stack—an opening at the top of the boiler that is used to remove flue gas, p. 297. Steam drum—the top drum of a boiler where all of the generated steam is collected before entering the distribution system, p. 293. Steam trap—a device used to remove condensate or liquid from steam systems, p. 294. Superheated steam—steam that has been heated to a very high temperature so ...

    Get Price
  • Steam System Design and Best Practices Related to Kiln

    2015-9-23 · New England Kiln Drying Association – Steam Design & Best Practices – HerLine Technologies Steam Distribution System Proper layout design & pipe sizing of mains Piping always pitched in the direction of flow Use of eccentric reducers to eliminate creation of condensate collection points (low spots) in piping

    Get Price
  • FULL-COLOR TRAINING GUIDE SERIES - PB Heat:

    2018-1-19 · for every PSI at the boiler. c) Most one-pipe systems will have to be equipped with drip traps and feed pumps to allow zoning with zone valves. C. THE NEAR-BOILER PIPING 1. The near boiler piping is the first line of defense for a reliable system. a) Correctly installed, the near boiler piping acts as a moisture separator and boiler water level ...

    Get Price
  • An introduction to steam generation and distribution

    2017-5-12 · its constituent elements inside the boiler shell thus forming an explosive mixture. The work of these societies led to the introduction of standards for the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code being the oldest – originally published in 1914 – and possibly best known.

    Get Price
  • Steam Piping Best Practices

    Steam Piping Best Practices Introduction. Just because it’s ‘been that way’ for a long time, don’t assume it’s right. In many cases steam systems were designed long before there was any concern about energy efficiency.

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  • (PDF) DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF PRESSING STEAM

    A boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion and transfers heat to water. until it becomes hot water or steam. The hot water or steam under pressure is then usable for ...

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  • P&ID Symbols for Vessels » The Piping Engineering World

    2021-8-22 · Piping Spacing Calculator Details for Pipe 1 NPD: 1/2 Inch 3/4 Inch 1 Inch 1.5 Inch 2 Inch 3 Inch 4 Inch 6 Inch 8 Inch 10 Inch 12 Inch 14 Inch 16 Inch 18 Inch 20 Inch 24 Inch 26 Inch 28 Inch 30 Inch 32 Inch 34 Inch 36 Inch 38 Inch 40 Inch 42 Inch 44 Inch …

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  • Parallel vs. Series Piping - Hot Water

    2011-5-12 · Parallel-Equally manifolding the inlet water pipe and outlet water pipe in multiple heater installations. Having equal number of fittings; as well as, lengths of pipe. Series- Piping the outlet of one heater into the inlet of the next. Why shouldn’t I pipe in series? Piping in series can cause the first heater to fail sooner than the second.

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  • Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams Guide

    2021-8-20 · Piping. A pipe is a tube that transports fluid substances. Piping can be made of various materials, including metal and plastic. The piping group is made up of one-to-many pipes, multi-line pipes, separators, and other types of piping devices.

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  • Section 23 21 11 - BOILER PLANT PIPING SYSTEMS

    2020-1-31 · Boiler feedwater systems between boiler feed pumps, economizers (if provided), and boilers are designed for a normal maximum temperature of 138 degrees C (280 degrees F), and emergency temperature of 213 degrees C (415 degrees F) (if economizers are provided and economizer safety relief valve setting is 1896 kPa (275 psig)).

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  • Best Practices for Condensate System Piping

    The Power Piping Code B31.1 describes the minimum requirements for construction of power and auxiliary service piping. B31.1 applies to condensate piping when the pressure and temperatures are greater than 100 psi. However, it is a recommended practice to …

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  • Standard P&ID Symbols Legend

    2020-1-23 · Piping and Instrument Diagram Standard Symbols Detailed Documentation provides a standard set of shapes & symbols for documenting P&ID and PFD, including standard shapes of instrument, valves, pump, heating exchanges, mixers, crushers, vessels, compressors, filters, motors and connecting shapes.

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  • Mechanical CAD Details

    2009-12-21 · 6 pipe dia. min. ',ie 3 pipe dia. min. ' straight pipe straight pipe a '' dia. '' flow flow wrong section a-a showing relationship of flow indicator to upstream elbow do not locate f.1. in this position relative to upstream elbow. locate f.1. parallel to pipe upstream of elbow, not perpendicular. see section a-a. notes: 1. only straight pipe is ...

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  • Plant Engineering

    2012-2-15 · I then asked the operator why they needed to run both pumps. “One pump could not maintain boiler drum level and header pressure during sudden steam load changes,” he replied. Two pumps in parallel could double the feedwater flow or …

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  • Boilers - University of Alabama

    2004-3-19 · boiler English Boiler Co. Steam Drum Mud Drum Water Tubes Furnace. ME 416/516 “D-type” water-tube boiler ABB. ME 416/516 Bryan Exterior of small water-tube package boiler. ME 416/516 Package Boiler All but the largest boilers used for heating and industrial purposes are packaged boilers.

    Get Price
  • VLQJOH 9ZHOGLQJFRQILJXUDWLRQ Sapozhkov

    2019-6-8 · Schematic diagram of boiler drums 2.1 Existing method of welding configuration: Figure 2 shows the existing method of double-V type welding configuration. L-seam and C-seam welding operations were performed using double-V type configuration which required both side welding, in which SMAW process is used for root run at inside of the shell.

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  • FUEL OIL PIPING SYSTEM PART 1 - GENERAL

    2021-8-11 · pipe for fiberglass and as specified for piping above grade for steel. 4. Secondary Containment: Provide a double wall, secondary containment system over all primary fuel oil piping, consisting of an outer 0.150 inch thick, filament wound FRP containment system

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  • How It Works: Double Block-and-Bleed and Double

    2015-1-8 · The definitions of double block and bleed (DBB) and double isolation and bleed (DIB) differ between sources in the oil and gas industry. Differences in definitions and terms are important when it comes to which valve capability to use in what type of …

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  • Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual

    2021-6-16 · 1 Introduction and Safety. 1.1 Introduction. Purpose of this manual The purpose of this manual is to provide necessary information for: • Installation

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  • VA Standard Details - Div 23 HVAC Steam - All Details 1

    2020-10-21 · pipe trench in building nts notes: 1. 2. coordinate trench detail with architectural & structural. refer to specification, sealing & caulking. 4'[100mm] 5.4# center bolt for span greater than 24'[600mm] 7/8'[22mm]∅ high density insert typical cold pipe type 40 shield banded to pipe

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  • 1.2. Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

    2012-7-3 · This chapter covers different types of chemical process diagrams, how these diagrams represent different scales of process views, one consistent method for drawing process flow diagrams, the information to be included in a process flow diagram, and …

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  • (PDF) Report on 'Steam Power Plant'

    For a thermal power plant the range of pressure may vary from 10 kg/cm2 to super critical pressures and the range of temperature may be from 250°C to 650°C. 3.1.1 Essentials of Steam Power Plant Equipment: A steam power plant must have following equipment: …

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  • Babcock and Wilcox boiler: Parts, Working, Advantages ...

    Babcock and Wilcox Boiler was discovered by George Herman Babcock and Stephen Wilcox in the year 1967.. This is a water tube boiler, used in steam power plants.In this type of boiler, water is circulated inside the tubes and hot gases flow over the tubes.

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  • Power Plant Engineering: Boiler Feedwater Pump

    2010-11-21 · Balancing drum Small gap in mm is maintained axially between casing or dummy piston which is stationary part attached with pump casing. One side of balancing drum, pressure=discharge pressure while another side of balancing drum, the …

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  • CLEAVER-BROOKS

    2010-8-25 · 750-94 (revised 2009) Model CB, CB-LE Packaged Boiler Manual iii 2.12 — Oil Fuel Flow: Heavy Oil 2-22 2.13 — Gas Fuel Flow 2-24 2.14 — Modulating Firing 2-24 CHAPTER 3 Waterside Care and Requirements 3-1 3.1 — Overview 3-1 3.2 — Water Requirements: Hot Water Boiler 3-2 3.2.1 — Air Removal 3-2 3.2.1.1 — Minimum Water Temperature 3-2 3.2.1.2 — Rapid Replacement of Boiler …

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  • How It Works: Double Block-and-Bleed and Double

    2015-1-8 · The definitions of double block and bleed (DBB) and double isolation and bleed (DIB) differ between sources in the oil and gas industry. Differences in definitions and terms are important when it comes to which valve capability to use in what type of …

    Get Price
  • Standard P&ID Symbols Legend

    2020-12-29 · Piping and Instrument Diagram Standard Symbols Detailed Documentation provides a standard set of shapes & symbols for documenting P&ID and PFD, including standard shapes of instrument, valves, pump, heating exchanges, mixers, crushers, vessels, compressors, filters, motors and connecting shapes.

    Get Price
  • 1.2. Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

    2012-7-3 · This chapter covers different types of chemical process diagrams, how these diagrams represent different scales of process views, one consistent method for drawing process flow diagrams, the information to be included in a process flow diagram, and …

    Get Price
  • The Boiler House - Explore the World of Piping

    2020-6-1 · The boiler house - a basic overview of a steam system - The boiler is the heart of the steam system. The typical modern packaged boiler is powered by a burner which sends heat into the boiler tubes.

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  • Interroll Drum Motor User Manual

    2019-11-22 · The drum motor is not intended for use under impact or shock loads. The drum motor is not designed to be used under water. Such a use leads to personal or fatal injuries from electrocution as well as the penetration of water, resulting in a short circuit or motor damage. The drum motor may not be used as a drive for cranes or lifting devices or ...

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  • Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Manual

    2021-6-16 · 1 Introduction and Safety. 1.1 Introduction. Purpose of this manual The purpose of this manual is to provide necessary information for: • Installation

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  • 181 Process Flow Diagram (PFD) Symbols for Engineers ...

    For software-based process flow diagrams, there are a number of basic symbols to identify. These include: Oval - input output of the system. Rectangle - a step in the process. Arrows lines - indicate directional flow. Diamond - represents a decision.

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  • Steam Boiler & Hot Water Supplies & Replacement Parts ...

    Boilersupplies.com supplies everything you need in your boiler room. Shop online for boiler pumps,heat exchangers, replacement parts, valves, gage glass & more!

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  • Process Flow Diagram Symbols - ConceptDraw

    The vector stencils library 'Chemical engineering' contains 24 symbols of chemical and process engineering equipment. Use these shapes for drawing Process Flow Diagrams (PFD), Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&ID), and Water Flow Diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process …

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  • Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Reporting Forms and ...

    a EPA 260-R-10-001 December 2010 Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Reporting Forms and Instructions Revised 2010 Version Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986)

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  • YY-BOARD

    Contohnya: Player memasang taruhan double 6 dan single five maka player harus mendapatkan angka (6-6-5) untuk mendapatkan kemenangan. Dalam taruhan ini tidak ada kemenangan kelipatan seperti permainan double triple.

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  • water erosion prediction: Topics by Science.gov

    2017-12-1 · 2011-01-01. The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model is a process-based technology for prediction of soil erosion by water at hillslope profile, field, and small watershed scales. In particular, WEPP utilizes observed or generated daily climate inputs to drive the surface hydrology processes (infiltration, runoff, ET) component, which ...

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  • Libro - Wikipedia

    2 天前 · Un libro è un insieme di fogli, stampati oppure manoscritti, delle stesse dimensioni, rilegati insieme in un certo ordine e racchiusi da una copertina.[1] Il libro è il veicolo più diffuso del sapere.[2] L'insieme delle opere stampate, inclusi i libri, è detto letteratura. I libri sono pertanto opere letterarie. Nella biblioteconomia e ...

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    Online Dictionaries: Translation Dictionary English Dictionary French English English French Spanish English English Spanish: Portuguese English English Portuguese German English English German Dutch English English Dutch

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